On a yearly basis, very nearly 45 million young chickens that are male killed in Germany. Their eggs are unsuitable when it comes to market. New procedures for sex recognition should ensure that they’re not also bred. David Tedevosian/ Shutterstock
The managing director of the egg breeding company Seleggt Gmbh, spoke about Germany’s recent decision to allow the mass killings of young male chickens and how his company’s Seleggt process could be used as a bridging technology until more commercially viable methods are found in an interview with EURACTIV Germany, Dr Ludger Breloh.
Dr Ludger Breloh, an agricultural economist, is the handling director of Seleggt GmbH, an associate associated with Rewe Group. Seleggt GmbH, in cooperation aided by the University of Leipzig, has continued to develop the initial functional means for very very early sex recognition in hen eggs.
The sex of a young chicken can be determined in the egg with the Seleggt method. How does this work?
Our technique is most beneficial referred to as an endocrine, meaning a method that is hormone-based. We already know just that gender-specific hormones, such as for instance oestrone sulphate, happen to be contained in the non-incubated egg consequently they are just created within the female egg.
To work on this, one should wait about nine times before the hormone are located in the egg in adequate volume. Then we draw out a small fall of fluid through the egg, which we mix by having a marker that is biochemical.
This then shows, by having a color modification, if the sulphate that is oestrone current. Female eggs are then gone back to your incubator and hatched, while male eggs are prepared into animal feed.
To date, but, gender determination is not considered prepared for serial manufacturing, and just a supermarkets that are few these eggs. Exactly why is that?</p>
Within the last few couple of years, we’ve made progress that is incredible refining our technology. We could now analyse around 3,000 eggs each hour, per machine.
Nevertheless, the method has just been utilized in our hatchery that is in-house so. Our birds lay so-called Respeggt eggs, that are currently offered today in about 380 supermarkets when you look at the greater Berlin area. The fact these eggs just occur here, for the time being, is basically because the number of laying hens remains workable.
Since February, nonetheless, we’ve been breeding on a bigger scale, with about 20,000-30,000 young female chickens hatching each week. The first generation will be old enough to lay their own eggs by the end of July. There after, we are seeing an escalating quantity of respeggt eggs in the marketplace. The Rewe Group has set it self the purpose of offering these eggs in most its branches that are german the conclusion associated with the season.
Starting year that is next we shall then provide and also make our technology open to hatcheries. In the beginning, this is carried out in a cost-neutral method.
Respeggt eggs will, therefore, be slowly in the marketplace.
Cost-neutral could possibly imply that you first need to make an advance re payment. Exactly why is that the situation?
Our enterprize model is made from supermarkets spending us a licence charge – but only if the eggs that are first obtainable in supermarkets. We now have developed a Respeggt logo design to demonstrate the consumer that the eggs had been produced without killing chickens that are young.
This might be a clear added value as supermarkets can make this marketable then. Just then, will they spend us a licence cost because we made the hatching eggs offered at the start of the supply chain.
The client, consequently, would additionally assist in preventing young birds from being slaughtered as the cost of eggs will soon be somewhat increased.
Any kind of other means of the detection that is early of being developed?
Yes http://rubridesclub.com/mail-order-brides, other practices are increasingly being investigated in eight or nine facilities worldwide, including in Canada and Australia, but additionally in the universities of Munich and Dresden. We cannot say more info on these methods, as their development obviously happens in today’s world.
In virtually any situation, i might welcome it if other procedures had been made in the marketplace. I’m not just worried about your competition, but additionally in regards to the problem of killing chickens that are young.
In all honesty, running the whole sector with just one technology is a challenge that is serious.
Is because your reach continues to be too tiny?
Yes. We expect you’ll raise about 1.5 million chickens that are young our hatchery this season – that is merely a drop within the ocean if you think about that a complete of 45 million young male chickens are now being gassed or shredded each year.
Which means we are going to desire a deal that is great time before reaching such high volumes. Just then will we have the ability to discuss about it a paradigm shift. Rome had not been built in one day.
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Whenever Seleggt technology had been established, it absolutely was labelled being a bridging technology until other solutions had been discovered. A different one of the may be the use that is dual of. Could that end up being the future of chicken agriculture?
The actual fact because we have been breeding two types of highly optimised, extremely productive chickens for decades: laying hens and broiler chickens that we even kill millions of young chickens at all is only.
Here is the way that is only can create really cheap eggs and chicken meat. The rational objective, needless to say, is to reproduce hens which have a good laying performance, while their brothers have high fattening performance. That appears like a jack-of-all-trades variety of unit which is just what it is.
As an agricultural scientist having a PhD in farming, I am able to inform you that we now have complementary properties that rule out of the possibility that a hen can both lay eggs productively, while additionally building adequate muscle mass. Each one or even one other.
However, i am hoping that the reproduction organizations continue to work intensively about this problem in order that we now have a solution that is economically viable dual-use chickens.
Gender dedication methods are simply a solution that is temporary it might truly be much more sustainable and in most of y our passions whenever we could place an end to the killing of young birds.
Edited by Zoran Radosavljevic
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