The development of writing, mathematics, astronomy, stratified society, trade systems, etc. as a measurement of progression towards high culture over the years scholars have debated the question of what exactly the hallmarks of civilization are.
Many consider. ( A foolish argument, during my judgement. Chances are everyone should be aware that true civilization is earmarked by hot showers and ice in your drink.) However the utilization of writing traditionally been considered a gauge for determining what lengths a civilization has evolved from more modest beginnings.
When it comes to the ancient Maya it is certainly correct that their system of writing is hailed among the most remarkable achievements of this New that is pre-Columbian World. The ability to record information in relatively permanent records that could be passed on from generation to generation insured continuity in the transmission of seasonal and astronomical data. This led to the refinement of mathematic systems and, as it turned out, development of a calendar much more accurate than that used in Europe well to the sixteenth century.
While it is certainly correct that the Maya writing system was probably the most refined in every of Mesoamerica, other cultures eventually caught about the idea. The Aztec and Mixtec cultures adopted a somewhat less sophisticated type of record keeping, with strong emphasis on picture-writing instead of the Maya system which was language oriented. The Inca developed a complicated system of record keeping using knotted strings which suited their needs in keeping track of herds of animals, but they never got around to writing things down in South America.
The Maya, on the other side hand, manufactured paper from the bark that is inner of kinds of trees, mainly the amate and ficus. Stone bark-beaters, oblong, flat grooved tools about hand-size were utilized to pound out the bark that was then bleached with lime, cut into strips and folded like a Japanese screen. Many different paints were employed to illustrate these „books“, which were painted on both sides and bound between elaborately decorated boards.
Almost all associated with Maya books failed to survive the Spanish conquest because the Maya writing was deemed to have been inspired by the Devil, therefore the church and government officials went to extreme lengths to destroy these examples of „paganism“. (mehr …)